Historical Crisis Committee: Cabinet of Fidel Castro, 1959
The Cuban Revolution was not only a pivotal turning point in twentieth-century Cuban history, but also a catalyst for powerful international repercussions; Batista’s crumbling authoritarian regime, Fidel Castro’s final victory in 1959, and a lack of American support throughout the war would set the stage for Cold War tensions and the threat of nuclear annihilation of the human race. In this committee, delegates will serve as Castro’s most esteemed advisors after the “Barbudos” victory of 1959, while tackling the issues of domestic reform - rehabilitation after a saga of imperialism and a fraudulent, authoritarian regime under Batista, along with international prospects - upholding Castro’s vision while searching for approval in the eyes of foreign powers.
DISEC: Yemen Civil War
Often overlooked by many in the heat of ISIS, the Yemeni Civil War dates back to 1990 when North and South Yemen were united under President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Since then, the country as be ravaged by human rights abuses and unlawful governing. The fighting escalted to the international level as Houthi armed groups allied with Iran and supporters of the former president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, fight the current president and a military coalition led by Saudi Arabia. The efforts of Saudia Arabia and the current president Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi have had military backing from many Western countries, including the United States, France, Canada, and the United Kingdom. After two years, the fighting in Yemen continues with Hadi's forces unable to push the Houthi rebels out of the north. Jihadist militants and affiliates of the Islamic State have also begun to take advantage of the conflict, claiming control over territories in the south. As a result, the UN has organized three rounds of peace talks with the two opposing forces. In April 2016, negotiation between the groups seemed plausible only to collapsed three months later due to the Houthi forces. Human rights abuses surrounding the conflict are presnt both at home and abroad. Currently, 3 million people have been forced form their homes and over 10,000 civilians have been killed in the conflict with 70% of the population in need of aid.
Security Council: Crisis in Myanmar
Recent outbreaks of violence against the Rohingya people of the Rakhine State in western Myanmar have shocked the world. The Rohingya people, often considered by the UN to be the most prosecuted people in the world, are a stateless population who are barred from citizenship in Myanmar. Decades of ethnic tension between the Muslim-majority Rohingya population and Buddhist-majority country of Myanmar has led to violence against the Rohingya people which has been described by the UN as a genocide. At this urgent Security Council meeting, delegates will have to tackle difficult questions about the future of Myanmar and the Rohingya people.
UN Women: Gender Inequality in Education in South-Asian Countries
Achieving gender equality has been one of the foremost goals of the UN and the world for years, but it continues to be a major challenge. Within the broad category of gender equality, education is one of the most important, albeit elusive, areas in which countries have continuously struggled to support the rights of women; this issue is especially prevalent in nations found in the South Asian region. Poverty and socio-cultural factors (including cultural tradition and gender role stereotypes) are mainly responsible for the continuation of such inequalities. Moreover, several of these countries have yet to accompany the importance they have supposedly given to education equality with proper allocation of their budget to this sector, and they need to be held accountable for honoring UNESCO's suggested budgetary allotment (4% of GNP) to education. In this committee, delegates are presented with the task of finding comprehensive and practical solutions to address the prevalent educational gender disparity in South Asian countries. They are faced with tackling societal barriers and economic demands while still being cognizent of cultural norms and stigmatization.
UNEP: Desertification in Sub-Saharan Africa
The United Nations has been attempting to combat desertification for decades. Sustainable Development Goal 15 reads: “Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, [and] halt biodiversity loss.” However, desertification, caused primarily by unsustainable agricultural practices and extended periods of drought, is still a pressing issue. According to the UN, arable land loss is at 30 to 35 times the historic rate, with twelve million hectares being lost annually. This spells disaster for the 2.6 billion people who directly depend on agriculture to feed their families. Sub-Saharan Africa is disproportionally affected by desertification, since 46% of African land is currently threatened, according to the USDA. Of the remaining land, 43% is already extreme desert, leaving only 11% that is not vulnerable. This committee will focus on combating the causes and effects of desertification, with the intention of reducing both the current and future agricultural strain on the African continent.